Capitalism was and remains a system that is at once insatiably hungry for new human beings and ruthlessly eager to throw these human beings on the scrapheap: its aim is both to set, at any and every point on this earth, the maximum number of human beings to the task of creating value in exchange for remuneration as close as possible to zero and to replace, wherever possible, these working human beings by mechanical or digital machines. Thus we may say that capitalism displays at the same time pronatalist and antinatalist tendencies. Its pronatalism is manifest in such formulae as “We do not have enough [cheap!] workers!” or “We need more consumers [with money to spend!]” Its antinatalism, on the other hand, comes to expression in its tendency to render human beings “surplus to requirements”, i.e. to replace human workers by machines.  

Considered as a whole, capitalism is extra-human, since the conflict inherent to it between pronatalist and antinatalist system-internal requirements  is not fought out with a view to creating any sort of subjective human satisfaction but rather for the sake of a subjectless “profit” which demands nothing but to be eternally reinvested.  

There lies in the logic of capitalism not just a thoroughly inhumane but indeed an entirely “a-human” world, since this form of economic endeavour leads tendentially toward a fully-automated form of production for which – paradoxical as this may sound – humanity as a whole in the end proves “economically unviable”. At the vanishing point of the perspective opened up by global capital stands the subjectless “total capitalist” that creates value to no end and for no one and who, finding humanity to be a “drag on the industry”, has “given it its cards”.[1]

[1] See Tomasz Konicz: “The whole of human civilization has become a waste product of the valorization of capital and the ever-spreading tendencies toward crisis unmistakably indicate that humanity is no longer a ‘paying enterprise’.” (Das System ist die Katastrophe, Telepolis, 26.3.2011, URL:, last accessed on 26.3.2011). See also the book: Der überflüssige Mensch by Ilja Trojanow (Residenz Verlag 2013).

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